The primary anchor points for mastering the geography of the Bible are the bodies of water.
- The Mediterranean Sea. The land of the Old Testament lies east of this beautiful blue body of water.
- The Sea of Galilee. To call this body a sea seems to be an overstatement. It is a freshwater lake that is seven miles wide and fourteen miles long. It lies about thirty-six miles inland from the Mediterranean.
- The Jordan River. Flowing south out of the Sea of Galilee, the Jordan River travels for sixty-five miles, as the crow flies, to empty into the Dead Sea. Many are surprised at how much history has revolved around such a small river.
- The Dead Sea. Shaped like a giant hot dog with a bite out of the lower third, the Dead Sea lies at the ‘bottom of the world.’ It is the lowest point on land, almost three thousand feet below sea level at its lowest point, so that water flows into it, but no water flows out of it. As a result, the water has a very high concentration of mineral deposits and does not support normal plant or animal life. Hence the name Dead Sea.
- Nile River. Perhaps the most famous river in the world, the Nile flows through the heart of Egypt, spreads out like so many fingers, and empties into the waiting arms of the Mediterranean.
- Tigris and (7.) Euphrates Rivers. These twin rivers flow for almost a thousand miles each before they join and flow into the Persian Gulf.
- Persian Gulf. These last three bodies of water, the Tigris, the Euphrates, and the Persian Gulf, form the easternmost boundary for the lands of the Old Testament. The Tigris and Euphrates flow through present-day Iraq, while the Persian Gulf separates Iran from Saudi Arabia.
Taken from 30 Days to Understand the Bible by Max Anders.